composition

Composition Tip #23: Systems

regolith graphic score

(Photo credit: g.rohs)

Sometimes ‘systems’ or techniques or styles or rules can make it easier to compose – but be ready to abandon the system for the good of the piece at any moment.

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Composition Exercise #1: Motion!

Motion involves change in position, such as in...

Pick an instrument, any instrument. You might start with an instrument that either 1) you play or 2) somebody you know plays – so that you can get feedback on what you come up in this exercise as well as new ideas to solve the problem.

It’s not a problem, really. Just an effect: creating the feeling of motion. Motion, in general, means fast notes. Every instrument has things that it can do easily, i.e. move between notes quickly. Your task, should you decide to accept it is to create some brief motion passages for your instrument of choice. This may mean a bit of research (try it out yourself, have a friend try it, check orchestration books, look through scores). When you find one (shouldn’t be too hard), don’t stop looking. Look for more. If you discover, for example, that you can get a feeling of motion simply by having a violin play 16th notes on one string, that’s a good start. Keep going. What if, then, the player puts down a finger and thus a new pitch for every group of 4? 2 fingers in alternation? Ditto, moving up and down the fingerboard? What about moving the bow between sul ponticello and sul taste? (color effects) Different registers? Add glisses? Add another player on another string? Add lower strings? Ditto, on mostly open strings? Ditto, playing triplets against the duple 16th note feel?

You see how quickly you can, with a little imagination, generate all kinds of ways to create the sense of motion.

Go and go on your chosen instrument. Go for quantity! Come back tomorrow and come up with even more! Ask players, let them inspire you to more, more.

OK. That’s one instrument. Start again with another one.

Continue until you have notes on all instruments that you know about and/or have any access to.

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Composition Tip #22: If You Meet the Buddha in the Road, Kill Him

Gautama Buddha @ Home

(Photo credit: Merlijn Hoek)

“If you meet Buddha in the road, kill him” goes the old Zen koan. I take this to mean: beware of excessive adulation of the Big Experts. Listen and learn from all the experts, all the books and articles and blogs (oh, my!). But don’t let them stop you from making up your own rules, finding your own way. You path to success in composition (and many other things in life) will not be the same as your teacher’s, your colleague’s, Beethoven’s, or mine. Learn what you can from every source, but follow your own instincts as to where your talent is most at home. You will not succeed by trying to be a carbon copy of anyone else (although it’s fine to imitate for a while to learn).

As the saying goes – be yourself; everyone else is taken.

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Composition SetUp #2: Aliens Landing!

 

 

English: Picture of Maytag Dairy Farms, Newton...This composition set-up is in puzzle form. There are lots of right answers. The point is to make you come up with creative solutions.

Here it is:

The film is beginning (before credits – this is the first thing the audience sees/hears). The scene is summer in rural Iowa, around dusk. Then: aliens landing!

So:

1. Compose music for the quiet, bucolic setting; for our puzzle here, just list some possible ways (what to use, how to use it) to do this. About 10-15 seconds ought to do it.

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Composition Tip #21: Workshop Your Music

Workshop Weekend, Mar-2012

(Photo credit: maltman23)

Your composition is not really finished until you have had some sessions working with a performer (or group) where you bring the piece to life, work on the details in the real world. Pieces always benefit from tweaking – making small improvements – that are only possible in live rehearsals. Ideas that seemed brilliant in your mind or on paper or were so slick when Finale played all the parts sometimes don’t cut it when actual people are playing the parts, and hearing the piece live may give you all kinds of new ideas. Encourage players to suggest ways to make their parts more playable (watch out for their tendency to want to macho through everything without changes, however). Sometimes parts have to be difficult, but you can save a lot of needless suffering by making little changes that make the performer’s job easier or balance chords or timbres, and so on.

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Composition Tip #20: Just Show Up

Note as

Write every day. Something. Anything. 4 bars of whole notes! Anything! No excuse! Momentum and consistent effort is the most important thing. You get 12 gold stars for writing anything (just show up!); only 1 silver star for any the amount. The minimum you need for a piece is a tempo, a meter, and an instrumentation. Short is good. A lot of short exercises are, in fact, not only a good way to get going, but also a good way to experiment with new stuff: styles, techniques, instruments. Practice writing what you don’t know yet.

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Composition Tip #19: Different Every Time

Encourage performers to experiment with your notes. They may come up with better ways of doing it than you thought of. It may very well come out different than you dreamed originally. So what? With any luck, every performance will be different in some way. This keeps your music alive, ever-changing and thus interesting, rather than encased in plastic.

Which is more interesting, a live unpredictable grizzly bear or one stuffed by the taxidermist that never changes, never moves, never breathes? Here’s a radical thought (works best in chamber music): include short sections that say “continue [or improvise] for 30 seconds in the style of the piece”.

Below is a recording of a performance of one such piece. My “September Elegy” (written in response to the tragic events of 9/11) for natural horn in Eb and piano has 4 sections: Prologue – Chorale – Reflection – Epilogue. All but the Chorale are improvised (within the mood of the piece). The piece is different every time and different for every performer, but it’s still the same piece and always has something new to offer both performer and audience.

Composition Tip #18: Don’t Fall in Love with Your Ink

ink-stain-texture-4

(Photo credit: designshard)

Don’t fall in love with your ink. What you write is not Holy Writ. Your notation is just your best current guess at how to realize the nebula of sound you hear inside your head. There is almost always another way to do something, achieve an effect. Be ready to change anything and everything at any time for the good of the piece or to make it more playable (listen to the players. Composers – even you – don’t know everything). Or even to throw out the whole thing (sometimes starting over completely is the best/easiest way to fix a piece).

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Composition Tip #17: Improvise!

Improv Games Book CoverImprovisation is where music is born, and it behooves us as composers to do a lot of it.

Learn to improvise on both a melodic and a percussion instrument. Piano is an ideal place to start for any composer, since you can do melody, bass, harmony, and rhythm. But any instrument is good, and the more, the merrier.

Jazz is great, but remember, improv doesn’t have to be jazz; you can improvise music in all kinds of styles (march, dirge, lullabye, fanfare, children’s song, etc.).

Improvise with other people! You will harvest great inspiration (and get to steal a lot of ideas) if you improvise with others.

(Blatant plug alert). If you don’t improvise much but would like to, you might check out 1) my improv web site (Improv Insights) and 2) one or more of my classical improv books:

Improvisation Games for Classical Musicians (354 p.)

Improvised Chamber Music

Improv Duets

Improv Games for One Player

(all published by GIA)

Composition SetUp #1: Chase Scene

Just for fun and for those that are interested, I’m going to launch a series of composition set-ups. As with learning anything, it goes best if you do some every day, and composition is no different; sometimes it’s easier if you have an external supply of micro-challenges to draw on to get you going. These will be occasional (not every day), but I’ll toss them out now and then to have fun with if you choose. Feel free to change any part of any of these. The details of each are not so important; the only important thing is that you write something (anything!) every day.

A car chase sequence of The Chain Reaction.

Composition SetUp #1:

Chase Scene. You are allowed 4 notes only: C D G and Ab. 2/4 meter. Lots of fast notes. Tempo MM=144. Bass and hi hat set up a groove. Muted (Harmon) trumpet sizzles a jagged theme. Total duration: exactly 20 seconds.

 

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